There are many forms of automobile racing, including road racing, drag racing, other dirt tract racing. Such races rely on high speed and are always subject to various accidents cause by driver error, collision, or mechanical failure. When it comes to car racing safety is the first priority, which is why there are different racing harness configurations and other safety devices to protect the driver in case of a crash.
A racing harness is available in four, five, and six point configurations. 4-point harnesses include two belt laps and one belt for each shoulder. A 5-point harness, also called antisubmarine belt, has an additional strap that runs down from the lap belt to the car’s floor. It also prevents the driver from sliding to the front of the vehicle. The 6-point harness has two antisubmarine belts, which help with proper load distribution across the body of the driver in case of a crash.
Harness used in automobile racing is different from regular three-point car seat belts. While both car harness and standard seat belts are meant to restrain the driver in the seat, the harness also keeps the person safely in the roll cage. In addition, a racing harness restrains the driver’s movement to a minor discomfort to secure the driver in place and avoid injury. Due to movement and viewing restrictions, racing harnesses are not allowed to be used on public roadways. You can consult with your state’s local laws prior to using harnesses in normal driving.